An Automated Approach to the Generation of Structured Building Information Models from Unstructured 3D Point Cloud Scans

Martin Tamke, Henrik Leander Evers, Mateusz Zwierzycki, Raoul Wessel, Sebastian Ochmann, Richard Vock und Reinhard Klein
To appear in Proceedings of the IASS Annual Symposium 2016 'Spatial Structures in the 21st Century', Tokyo, Japan, Sept. 2016
 

Abstract

In this paper we present and evaluate an approach for the automatic generation of building models in IFC BIM format from unstructured Point Clouds scans, as they result from 3D laser scans of buildings. While the actual measurement process is relatively fast, 85% of the overall time are spend on the interpretation and transformation of the resulting Point Cloud data into information, which can be used in architectural and engineering design workflows. Our approach to tackle this problem, is in contrast to existing ones which work on the levels of points, based on the detection of building elements, such as walls, ceilings, doors, windows, and spaces and the relation between these. We present use cases with our software prototype, evaluate the results, and discuss future work, that will bring the research further towards the aim to create automatically semantic links between the conception of building design in BIM and simulations with the build environment.

Bilder

Bibtex

@MISC{Tamke-2016-AnAutomated,
        author = {Tamke, Martin and Evers, Henrik Leander and Zwierzycki, Mateusz and Wessel, Raoul and Ochmann,
                  Sebastian and Vock, Richard and Klein, Reinhard},
         title = {An Automated Approach to the Generation of Structured Building Information Models from Unstructured
                  3D Point Cloud Scans},
          year = {2016},
         month = sep,
  howpublished = {To appear in Proceedings of the IASS Annual Symposium 2016 'Spatial Structures in the 21st Century',
                  Tokyo, Japan},
      abstract = {In this paper we present and evaluate an approach for the automatic generation of building models in
                  IFC BIM format from unstructured Point Clouds scans, as they result from 3D laser scans of
                  buildings. While the actual measurement process is relatively fast, 85% of the overall time are
                  spend on the interpretation and transformation of the resulting Point Cloud data into information,
                  which can be used in architectural and engineering design workflows. Our approach to tackle this
                  problem, is in contrast to existing ones which work on the levels of points, based on the detection
                  of building elements, such as walls, ceilings, doors, windows, and spaces and the relation between
                  these. We present use cases with our software prototype, evaluate the results, and discuss future
                  work, that
                  will bring the research further towards the aim to create automatically semantic links between the
                  conception of building design in BIM and simulations with the build environment.}
}